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Friday, February 22, 2013

Cox's Bazar


Cox's Bazar (Bengali: কক্সবাজার) is a town, a fishing port and district headquarters in Bangladesh. It is known for its wide sandy beach which is considered by some people as the world's longest natural sandy sea beach,although the Guinness Book of World Records lists Praia do Cassino in Brazil as the longest sandy beach with 254 km. The beach in Cox' Bazar is an unbroken 125 km sandy sea beach with a gentle slope. It is located 150 km south of the industrial port Chittagong. Cox’s Bazar is also known by the name "Panowa," the literal translation of which means "yellow flower." Its other old name was "Palongkee." The modern Cox's Bazar derives its name from
Captain Hiram Cox (died 1799), an officer serving in British India. An officer of the British East India Company, Captain Cox was appointed Superintendent of Palongkee outpost afterWarren Hastings became Governor of Bengal. Captain Cox was specially mobilised to deal with a century-long conflict between Arakan refugees and local Rakhains. He embarked upon the mammoth task of rehabilitating refugees in the area and made significant progress. A premature death took Captain Cox in 1799 before he could finish his work. To commemorate his role in rehabilitation work a market was established and named after him Cox's Bazar ("Cox's Market").
Today, Cox's Bazar is one of the most-visited tourist destinations in Bangladesh, however it has yet to become a major international tourist destination, with no international hotel chains operating there, due to lack of publicity and transportation.

History

The greater Chittagong area including Cox's Bazar was under the rule of Arakan Kings from the early 9th century until its conquest by the Mughals in 1666 AD. When the Mughal Prince Shah Shuja was passing through the hilly terrain of the present day Cox’s Bazar on his way to Arakan, he was attracted to the scenic and captivating beauty of the place. He commanded his forces to camp there. His retinue of one thousand palanquins stopped there for some time. A place named Dulahazara, meaning "one thousand palanquins," still exists in the area. After the Mughals, the place came under the control of the Tipras and the Arakanese, followed by the Portuguese and then the British.
The name Cox's Bazar/Bazaar originated from the name of a British East India Company officer, Captain Hiram Cox who was appointed as the Superintendent of Palonki (today's Cox's Bazar) outpost after Warren Hastings became the Governor of Bengal following the British East India CompanyAct in 1773. Captain Cox was especially mobilised to deal with a century long conflict between Arakan refugees & local Rakhine people at Palonki. The Captain had rehabilitated many refugees in the area, but had died (in 1799) before he could finish his work. To commemorate that, a market was established and named after him, called Cox's Bazar (market of Cox). Cox's Bazar then was first established in 1854 and became a municipality in 1869.
After the Sepoy Mutiny (Indian Rebellion of 1857) in 1857, the British East India Company was highly criticised and questioned on humanitarian grounds, specially for its Opium trade monopoly over the Indian Sub-Continent. However, after its dissolution on 1 January 1874, all of the company's assets including its Armed Forces were acquired by the British Crown. After this historic take over, Cox's Bazar was declared a district of the Bengal Province under the British Crown.

After the end of British rule in 1947, Cox's Bazar remained as a part of East Pakistan. Captain Advocate Fazlul Karim, the first Chairman (after independence from the British) of Cox's Bazar Municipality established the Tamarisk Forest along the beach to draw tourist attention in this town and also to protect the beach from tidal waves. He also donated many of his father-in-law’s and his own lands for establishing a Public Library and a Town Hall for the town. He was inspired to build Cox's Bazar as a tourist spot after seeing beaches of Bombay and Karachi, and one of the pioneers in developing Cox's Bazar as such. He founded a Maternity Hospital, the Stadium and the drainage system by procuring grants from the Ford Foundation and Rockefeller Foundation through correspondence. Mr. T. H. Matthews, the principal of the Dacca Engineering College (1949~1954) was his friend who had helped him in doing this. Engineer Chandi Charan Das was the government civil engineer who had worked on all these projects. In 1959 the municipality was turned into a town committee. In 1961 the erstwhile Geological Survey of Pakistan initiated investigation of radioactive minerals like monazite around the Cox's Bazar sea-beach area.

Cox's Bazar Bus Terminal
In 1971, Cox's Bazar wharf was used as a naval port by the Pakistan Navy's gunboats. This and the nearby airstrip of the Pakistan Air Force were the scene of intense shelling by the Indian Navy duringBangladesh Liberation War. During the war, Pakistani soldiers killed many people in the town including eminent lawyer Jnanendralal Chowdhury. The killing of two freedom fighters named Farhad and Subhash at Badar Mokam area is also recorded in history.
After the independence of Bangladesh Cox's Bazar started to get the administrative attention. In 1972 the town committee of Cox's Bazar was again turned into a municipality. In 1975, The Government of Bangladesh established a pilot plant at Kalatali.Later, in 1984 Cox's Bazar subdivision was promoted to a district and five years later (in 1989) the Cox's Bazar municipality was elevated to B-grade.In 1994 (jobs) the Marine Fisheries and Technology Station (MFTS) was established at Cox's Bazar. MFTS is a research station of Bangladesh Fisheries Research Institute (BFRI) headquartered in Mymensingh. The station covers a land area of four hectares and contains five laboratories.In April 2007 Bangladesh got connected to the submarine cable network as a member of the SEA-ME-WE-4 Consortium, as Cox's Bazar was selected as the landing station of the submarine cable.


Cox's Bazar sea-beach
The longest sandy sea-beach in the world, Cox's Bazar and its adjoin areas have a lot of things to see and places deserve visit by the tourists. Miles of golden sands, towering cliffs, surfing waves, rare conch shells, colorful pagodas, Buddhist temples and tribes, delightful sea-food--this is Cox's Bazar, the tourist capital of Bangladesh. Having the world's longest (120 kilometers.) beach sloping gently down to the blue waters of the Bay of Bengal, Cox's Bazar is one of the most attractive tourist sport in the country.
Cox's Bazar District is a district in the Chittagong Division of Bangladesh. It is named after Cox's Bazar, which is one of the world's longest natural sea beaches (120 km) including mud flats. It is located 150 km south of Chittagong. Cox’s Bazar is also known by the name “Panowa”, the literal translation of which means “yellow flower”. Its other old name was “Palongkee”. The modern Cox's Bazar derives its name from Captain Cox (died 1798), an army officer serving in British India. It is also one of the fishing ports of Bangladesh.

There are also a few very old wooden Buddhist temples at Ramu, a few kilometers from Cox's Bazar, well worth visiting. Located at a distance of 152 km. south of Chittagong, the leading seaport of Bangladesh, Cox's Bazar is connected both by air and road from Dhaka and Chittagong. A drive to Teknaf, which is the southernmost tip of the mainland of Bangladesh, is a memorable journey. A day trip to either Moheshkhali or Sonadia, the deltaic islands nestled among the gentle waves of the Bay of Bengal, will also be really interesting.



Tourist attractions near the town


Shemon Local hotels arrange beachside accessories for the tourists at Cox's Bazar
The beach is the main attraction of the town. Larger hotels provide exclusive beachside area with accessories for the hotel guests. Visitors in other hotels visit the Laboni beach which is the area of the beach closest to the town. Other than the beach there are several places of interest near the town which can easily be visited from town center.

  • Aggmeda Khyang: a large Buddhist monastery, and a place revered by around 400,000 Buddhist people of Cox’s Bazar; and the Chittagong Hill Tracts. The main sanctuary is posted on a series of round timber columns. It has a prayer chamber and an assembly hall along with a repository of large and small bronze Buddha images and a number of old manuscripts.
  • Ramu: about 10 km from Cox’s Bazar,is a village with a sizeable Buddhist population. The village is famous for its handicrafts and home madecigars. There are monasteries, khyangs and pagodas containing images of Buddha in bronze, gold and other metals with precious stones. One of the most interesting of these temples is on the bank of the Baghkhali river. It houses not only relics and Burmes handicrafts but also a large bronze statue of Buddha measuring thirteen feet high which rests on a six feet high pedestal. Weavers ply their trade in open workshops and craftsmen make handmade cigars in their pagoda like houses.
  • Bangabandhu Sheikh MujibSafari Park: Bangabandhu Sheikh MujibSafari Park is the first Safari Park in Bangladesh. The nature of the forest is tropical evergreen and rich with Garjan, Boilam, Telsur and Chapalish along with herbs, shrubs and creepers.
Safari Park is a declared protected area where the animals are kept in fairly large area with natural environment and visitors can easily see the animal when ever they visit by bus, jeep or on foot. This park was established on the basis of South Asian model. This safari park is an extension of an animal sanctuary located along the Chittagong-Cox's Bazar road about 50 km from Cox's Bazar town. The sanctuary itself protects a large number of wild elephants which are native to the area. In the safari park there are domesticated elephants which are available for a ride. Other animal attractions include lions, Bengal tigers, Crocodiles, Bears, Chitals and lots of different types of birds and monkeys.which is wonder full project to attract the tourist.
  • ""Inani Beach"" This is another magnificent place to see. Inani is full of stony beach and the calmness and serenity of Inani is mind blowing. Don't miss the chance to visit Inani while going to Cox's Bazar.

Other tourist attractions near Cox's Bazar

  • Maheshkhali is a small island (268 square kilometres) off the Cox’s Bazar coast. The island offers panoramic scenic beauty and is covered by a range of low hills, about 300 feet (91 m) high, streatches through the center of the island and along its eastern coastline.Adinath Temple, a temple of Shiva, and a Buddhist pagoda are also located on this island.
  • Sonadia Island, a small crescent shaped island of only 9 square kilometres, it is 7-km north-west of Cox's Bazar. The western side of the island is sandy and different kinds of shells are found on the beach. Off the northern part of the island, there are beds of window pane oysters. During winter, fisherman set up temporary camps on the island and dry their catches of sea fish. Sonadia Island supports the last remaining part of mangrove forest in southeast Bangladesh.
  • Teknaf, a place situated by the side of Naf river is the southernmost part of mainland Bangladesh. This also marks the end point of Cox's Bazar beach. Tourists usually come here to have a river cruise along beautiful Naf river, which flows between Bangladesh and Myanmar.

Dead corals at St. Martin's Island.
  • St. Martin's Island, a small island in the northeast part of the Bay of Bengal, about 9 km south of the tip of the Cox's Bazar-Teknaf peninsula. It is the only coral island in Bangladesh. It is about 8 km west of the northwest coast of Myanmar at the mouth of the Naf River. The local name of the island is নারিকেল জিঞ্জিরা Narikel Jinjira (also spelled "Narical Gingira", "Narikel Janjina", and "Narikel Jinjera"), meaning "Coconut Island" in Bengali. St. Martin's Island has become a popular tourist spot. Three shipping liners run daily trips to the island. They are Kutubdia, Sea-Truck and Keary-Sindbad. Tourists can book their trip either from Chittagong or from Cox's Bazar. The surrounding coral reef of the island has an extension namedChera Dwip. The island is home to several endangered species of turtles, as well as the corals, some of which are found only on this island.
  • Chakaria: One of most large area in Cox's Bazar.

Natural Stream from Hills
  • Bandarban: Bandarban lies three hours away from Cox's Bazar by bus. The Buddha Dhatu Jadi, the largest Buddhist temple in Bangladesh, located in Balaghata, 4 km from the town, is an excellent place to visit. This The ravada Buddhist temple is made completely in the style of South-East Asia and houses the second largest statue of Buddha in Bangladesh. The waterfall named Shoilo Propat at Milanchari is also an excellent site. In addition, the numerous Buddhist temples, known as kyang in local tongue, and vihars in the town include the highly notable the Rajvihar (royal vihar) at Jadipara and the Ujanipara Vihar. Bawm villages around Chimbuk, and Mru villages a little further off, are also lie within a day's journey from the town. Prantik Lake, Jibannagar and Kyachlong Lake are some more places of interest. And, a boat ride on the river Sangu is also an excellent proposition.

Kaptai Lake at Rangamati.
  • Rangamati: One can reach Rangamati from Cox's Bazar either via Chittagong or Bandarban. Rangamati offers several attractions including local tribal museum, Buddhist temple, tribal markets, hanging bridge and even the palace of traibal kings. The major attraction of the district is Kaptai Lake. It is a man-made lake in the Kaptai upazila of Rangamati District. The lake was created as a result of building the Kaptai Dam on theKarnaphuli River, as part of the Karnaphuli Hydro-electric project. The beautiful view of surrounding green hills has turned the lake into a wonderful spot for boating and cruising.

Image of cox's bazar bangladesh












Hotel in Cox'sbazar


A FIVE STAR DELUXE HOTEL
Hotel Motel Zone, cox'Bazar, Bangladesh
Tel: 880-341-62480-91, Fax: 880-341-64436
Corporate office: 155, Shantinagar, Dhaka-1217
Tel: 880-2-8322973, 8314601,8314020,8317579, Fax: 880-2-8317726

Hotel Sea Place Limited
a luxurious hotel by the beach
Dhaka sales Office :
Noorjahan Tower, (3rd Floor)
2 Link Road, Banglamotor, Dhaka.
Phone: 88-00-9672876
Mobile: 01819-808842, 01913380847
Fax: 88-02-9672569
Hotel:
Kalatoli Road, cox's Bazar
Tel: 0341-63692, 63792,6379463826,63853
Mobile: 01714-652227, 01714-652228
Fax: 0341-63769
Website: www.hsplbd.com


long Beach Hotel Ltd.
14 Kolatoli road, Hotel Motel Zone, Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh
Tel: +880341-51843-6, Fax: +880341-51062
Hotline: +8801730338907-9
Dhaka office:
Alam Tower (6th floor), 12 DIT Extention Avenue (east)
Motijheel C/A, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.
Tel: 88-02-9557545, Fax: 88-02-7169656

Corporate Office :
Coral Reef Properties Ltd.
House# 108 (Ground & 1st Floor)
Park Road, New DOHS Mohakhali, Dhaka-1206 Bangladesh.
Tel : +880-2-8714678, 9861255, 9862545
Fax :+880-2-8714679
Hotline : 01926696317
Hotel Address :
Plot# 47, Bloc# B, Kolatoli, Cox's Bazar.
Tel: 0341-64469, Fax: 0341-51077
Hotline: 01818080651, 01926696311, 01926696312, 01926696313
Hotel
26 Motel Road, Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh.
Tel : 0341-64610, 64897, Fax : 88-0341-64693
Hotline : 01199-276184, 01713-147778
Chittagong Reservation Office
3072, Sk. Mujib Road, Agrabad, Chittagong, Bangladesh
Phone : 031-813598-727299
Hotel :
Kolatoli Road, Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh.
Mobile : 01715-755112
Tel : 0341-51253
Fax : 0341-51254
Saint Martin Resort
Cox's Bazar Office :
Plot No- 10, Block- A, Kolatali Road, Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh.
Phone : 0341-62862, 64275
Mobile : 01819-809057
Silvia Resort
A World Class Hotel In Cox's Bazar
Kolatali Road, Beach Area, Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh
Tel : 0341-62495/96, Fax : 0341-62497
Hotline : 01819-391541, 01819-461951
Website : www.silviaresort.com

Hotel Marine Plaza

Hotel
plot-12, Block-B, Kolatali Main Road, Cox;s Bazar,Bangladesh
Phone : 880-341-64146
Hotline : 01716-742464
Fax : 880-341-64146
NITOL BAY RESORT
cox's Bazar Office
Kolatali Beach Road, Cox's bazar, Bangladesh.
Tel : +88-0341-64278,63677
Fax : +88-0341-51743
Mob : 01199-741090, 01816-055363, 018116-614341
Dhaka Office
Nitol Center 71, Mohakhali C/A Dhaka-1212, Bangladesh.
Tel : 88-02-9887074-6,9898770
Fax : 88-02-9883121,9887072
Mob : 01711-281047, 01552375590
Website : www.nitolbay.com

Hotel
kolatoli, Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh.
Tel : 0341-63181, 63191, Fax : 0341-62824
Mobile : 01713-160165, 01817-784897
Dhaka Office
94, Mohakhali C/A, Dhaka.
Tel : 02-8853337, 8815097
Mobile : 01713-1601713
Hotel Sayeman

Cox's Bazar
Tel : 88-0341-63235, Fax : 0341-64231
PABX : 88-0341-63900~4, 63703~7
Mobile : 01711022088

HOTEL SHAIBAL
Parjaton Holiday Complex
Motel Road, Cox's Bazar
Tel : 0341-63274 , Fax : 0341-64202

Hotel Sea View
Holiday Moar, Jhawtala Hatchery Road, Cox's Bazar
Mobile : 01711-314376, Tel : 0341-64491, 63518

Hotel Bay Beach
Motel Road, Old Jhinok Market Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh.
Phone : +88-034-63830, 62723
Cell : +88-01734-334234
Hotel Bay Empire
Main Road, Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh.
Tel : 0341-63052
Cell : 01827-570763, 01711-262099
01811-623156, 01811-540138

Hotel Sonadia
Moktijodda Sarani, Jawthala, Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh.
Phone : 0341-51722, Cell : 01817-023673, 01199-244299

Hotel Beach Holiday
Hotel Motel Zone, Kolatoli Road, Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh.
Mobile : 01553-600053, 01816-227395.

Rain View Resort
Sea Beach Road, Kolatoli, Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh.
Mobile : 01814-890909, 01558-578592

Hotel Mishuk
Hotel Model Zone, Sea Beach Road, Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh.
Phone : 0341-64320, 62808, Fax : 0341-51035
E-mail : hotel mishuk@gmail.com


Dream Guest Inn
Plot #7 , Block# B , Road# 2
Kolatoli Main Road (Hotel Motel Zone)
Infront Of Cox's Bazar Cultural Center Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh
Phone : 88-01711-101080
Cont.:office: 0341-51298, 01554-343868
E-mail : This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Hotel Banu Plaza
Burmes Market, Main Road, Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh.
Tel : 0341-64368, 64097, Cell : 01712-084276
E-mail : This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Grand Beach Resort
Block# A, Plot# 27, Kolatoli Road, Cox's Bazar.
Phone : 0341-51898,51899,
Mobile : 01714-068255, 01716-173542, 01720-355991,
01191-402137, 01190-125368, 01190-125367
E-mail : This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

DYNAMIC SH SEA PEARL
Kolatoli Circel, Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh.
Phone : 0341-52249, 52248
Mobile : 01744-578446, 01829-905399
E-mail : This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
Website : www.dllbd.com

Sea Garden Resort
Block# B, plot# 1, Sharon Residential Area, Light House
Kolatoli Road, Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh.
Mobile : 01819-369071, 01923-029233

HOTEL LODGE
Kolatoli Hatchery Road, (Near Round About) Cox's Bazar
Mobile : 01733-007000, Phone : 0341-62009
Blue Ocean
Kolatali Road, Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh.
Tel : 0341-63207, 62135
Mobile : 01711-785381, 01558-310569

Fahim Cottage
Block# 3A, Plot# 7, Sharon Residential Area, Kolatoli Road, Cox's Bazar.
Tel : 0341-51921, Mobile : 01826-576500

Parjatan Motel Labonee
Motel Road, Cox's Bazar, bangladesh.
Cell : 01678-337799, 01720-982868
Tell : 0341-64703, 62346, Fax : 0341-62223

HONEY MOON RESORTS
Sea-Beach R/A, Plot# 04, Block#B, kalatali Road,Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh.
Tel : 0341-52066, 52067, Cell : 01741-165925, 01818-477631
E-mail : This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

HOTEL OVISAR (Pvt.) LTD
Sea-Beach Road, Hotel-Motel Zone, Cox's Bazar.
Phone : 0341-63061, Mobile : 01819-821774

HOTEL KOLLOL
Hotel Motel Zone, Sea-Beach Road, Cox's Bazar.
Phn : 0341-64748, 51144
Mobile : 01727-613258, 01819-548434
Email : This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it


Noor Plaza
Kolatali Road, Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh.
Cell : 01735-430616, 01726-043415, Tel : 0341-62051

Shajadai Resort
Near New sea Beach, Kalatali More, Cox's Bazar.
Tel : 0341-62500
Mobile : 01817-024892, 01919-024892, 01617-024892

Mohammadia Guest House
Kolatali Road, Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh.
Phone : 0341-62629, Mobile : 01554-341989

Hotel Sea Queen (Pvt.) Ltd
Jhawtala, main Road, Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh.
Phone : 0341-63789, 63878, 64618
Mobile : 01819-321888, Fax : 0341-63688
E-mail : This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Praasad Paradise
Cox's Bazar :
plot# 9, Road# 1, Hotel Motel Zone,Cox's Bazar
Tel : 0341-64403, Mobile : 01556-347711, 01726-070148
E-mail : This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
Website : www.praasadcox.com
Resort Beach View
Plot# 10, Block# C, Saikat R/A, Kolatali Road, Cox's Bazar
Phone : 88-0341-51281-4, Hot line : 01814-286050
Fax : 88-0341-51285
E-mail : This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Blue Water Guest Cottage
Light House Road, kalatoli, Cox's Bazar,Bangladesh.
Mob : 017141015015, Fax : 88-0341-62788

Sun Set Resort
Sharan Housing, Block# A, Plot# 3
Light House Road, Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh.
Cell : 01742269623, 01827931086

Lemis Resort
Sea Beach Residental Area
Side Of Light House, kalatali, Cox's Bazar.
Phone : 0341-64706, 64695
Mobile : 01817-205015, 01815-501895

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